archimedes was a greek mathematician, physicist, engineer, inventor, and astronomer. although few details of his life are known, he is regarded as one of the leading scientists in classical antiquity. archimedes was born c. 287 bc in the seaport city of syracuse, sicily, at that time a self-governing colony in magna graecia. while archimedes did not invent the lever, he gave an explanation of the principle involved in his work on the equilibrium of planes. earlier descriptions of the lever are found in the peripatetic school of the followers of aristotle, and are sometimes attributed to archytas. he is the pioneer of the physics and the western science. because all the inventions he made had great influenced western society. this is why i like him so much!